In the summer months, a significant number of people suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is also called hay fever. It is caused by pollen from herbs, perennials, grasses, cereals, trees and shrubs. These pollens belong to a large group of allergens that enter the body through the respiratory tract.
The Greek word allergy means to react differently.
Symptoms are very important for the successful detection and treatment of allergies, and we need to pay attention to them. Allergic diseases can occur at any stage of life, and most of them appear in childhood. Signs of hay fever are sneezing, snoring, runny nose, stuffy nose. The conjunctiva and sclera become inflamed and reddened. The nasal mucosa swells and becomes bluish red. The nose becomes blocked and a discharge appears. Headache, cough and loss of appetite may also occur. Sometimes people mistakenly attribute these signs to the common cold.
The most common allergens in the summer months:
- Summer fruits and vegetables in some an individual can cause oral allergy syndrome, where a juicy bite into a peach, melon, apple, celery, etc. followed by tingling in the lips.
- Sudden changes in weather can trigger an asthma attack. The wind spreads pollen and mold and affects those who suffer from such allergies.
- The smoke of the campfire. Roasting corn or sitting by a campfire is much less fun if it leads to an asthma attack, as smoke is a common trigger for asthma. Sit on the leeward side, as far away from the fire as possible.
- Insect stings. The stings of wasps, bees, hornets or red ants can trigger a life-threatening allergic reaction in some individuals. Cover yourself while gardening or working outside, avoid wearing colorful clothes, don’t use perfumes, and be careful when drinking or eating sugary foods. Adrenaline in your pocket can save your life.
- Chlorine. The smell of chlorinated pools is irritating and can cause asthma or allergy symptoms. Don’t spoil your summer and if you have problems, visit an allergist. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment make it possible to identify the cause and create a personal treatment plan.
It is advisable to avoid allergens, which is easier and more difficult for cat hair with allergies to the sun or pollen. In the latter, pollen is also in the air three kilometers away from the source. Ventilation of rooms in the morning and evening and planning a holiday in places with a different climate, where you can escape the pollen of plants that bloom for a short time, such as birch, are recommended. Medication treats hay fever, nasal sprays, antihistamine drops (relieving effect) or glucocorticoids (preventing effect), which have an anti-inflammatory effect, also help. Recreation is adapted to pollen in the air, which is less after the rain. Even laundry that we dry outdoors can tolerate allergens. Therefore, avoiding allergens and taking care to alleviate the effects of allergic reactions on the skin are crucial.